PRANA =The universal vital energy , which includes willpower and ambition while
AYAMA= Stretch, expansion, and extension.
Pranayama can be described as the expansion and extension of energy or life force. Patanjali begins pranayama with the simple movement of breathing, leading us deeper and deeper into ourselves by teaching us to observe the act of respiration.
Pranayama has three movements:-
1. Prolonged inhalation
2. Deep exhalation
3. Prolonged ,stable retention pranayama is the actual process of directing energy inward, making the mind fit for pratyahara (sense organ control) or the detachment of the senses which evolves from pranayama. When the senses withdraw from the objects of desire, the mind is released from the power of the senses, which in turns become passive. Then the mind turns inward and is set free from the tyranny of the senses. This is pratyahara.
PRANAYAMA IS NOT DEEP BREATHING DEEP BREATHING TENSES THE FACIAL MUSCLES , MAKES THE SKULLAND SCALP RIGID,TIGHTEN THE CHEST, AND APPLIES EXTERNAL FORCE TO THE INTAKE OR RELEASE OF BREATH.
In pranayama , the cells of the brain and the facial muscles remain soft and receptive, and the breath is drawn in or released gently.